Czech Republic

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Czech Superlatives

  • highest mountain – Sněžka in Krkonoše 1602 above sea level
  • highest manmade point – transmitter on Praděd in Jeseníky, 1653 above sea level
  • lowest natural point – Laber river at the Czech/German border in Hřensko, 115 above sea level
  • the distance between the most western and eastern parts of the country – 493 km
  • the distance between the most northern and southern parts of the country – 278 km
  • the shortest distance within the country's borders – 143 km (between Mikulovem and Králíky)
  • deepest cave – Amatérská cave a Býčí rock - Rudické propadání, about 200 m
  • biggest national park – Šumava, 1630 km2
  • deepest abyss   – Hranická abyss (u Teplic nad Bečvou), 289,5 m
  • longest river – Vltava, 433 km
  • longest river – Vltava together with Labe, 542 km
  • biggest river (flow at mouth) – Labe, average flow in Hřensko 308 m3/s
  • biggest river-basin – Labe, 49 933 km2
  • biggest lake – Černé lake (Šumava), 18,4 ha
  • deepest lake – Černé lake (Šumava), 39,8 m
  • biggest dam – Lipno, 48,7 km2
  • biggest dam (volume of water) – Orlík (Vltavě and Otava), 704 000 000 m3
  • highest dam - Dalešice at the Jihlava river, 100 m
  • highest waterfall - Pančavský waterfall in Krkonoše, 148 m
  • warmest mineral spring – Vřídlo (in Karlovy Vary), 72 °C
  • highest average temperature – 10,1 °C, Prague - Klementinum
  • lowest average temperature – 0,4 °C, Sněžka
  • highest absolute temperature – 40,2 °C, 27.7.1983, Prague-Uhříněves
  • lowest absolute temperature- -42,2 °C, 11.2.1929, Litvínovice (České Budějovice district)
  • biggest average annual rainfall – 1390 mm, Lysá hora (Beskydy)
  • lowest average annual rainfall – less than 450 mm, Žatecko
  • strongest wind - 216 km/h, 19.1.2006, Sněžka
  • the most northern located village – Lobendava (Děčín district), 51°03′20" s. š., 14°18′58" v. d., 4328 km from the North Pole
  • the most southern located village– Vyšší Brod (Český Krumlov district), 48°33′09" s. š., 14°19′59" v. d., 5396 km from the Equator
  • the most western located village  – Krásná (Cheb district), 50°15′07" s. š., 12°05′29" v. d.
  • the most eastern located village – Bukovec (Frýdek-Místek), 49°33′01" s. š., 18°51′32" v. d.
  • the highest located village – Kvilda (Prachatice district), 1062 above sea level
  • the lowest located village – Hřensko (Děčín district), 116 above sea level
  • the highest located train station – Kubova Huť (Šumava), 995 above sea level
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