Prague Castle belongs to the most remarkable cultural and historical monuments not only in Prague but in the whole of the Czech republic. The construction began around the year 800 by Prince Bořivoj from the Přemysl Family. The medieval fort was fortified by a moat and mound made from stone and clay. The first building where bricks were used was St. Maria´s Church. Its remains we can find today between the First courtyard and On the Bastion Garden. These days the Prague castle complex consists of three courtyards, numerous gardens and other significant historical buildings. The most famous part of the complex is St. Vitus´s Cathedral. In the history of Prague castle is written not only the history of the Czech lands but, to a great extent, also the history of Europe. The most important king who had his residence here was Charles IV.
Since 1918 Prague castle has been a residence of Czech presidents. Prague castle is also an important cultural centre and is one of the most visited places in Prague.
50° 5'24.686"N, 14° 23'57.401"E